The University of Sydney - Biogeochemistry Group

Dijkstra Laboratory 

Dijkstra Lab

* Papers by my PhD students, § Papers by my postdocs, $ Papers by visiting scholars


173.  Yan S, L Yin, FA Dijkstra, P Wang, W Cheng. 2023. Priming effect on soil carbon decomposition by root exudate surrogates: A meta-analysis. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 178: 108955.

172. *Husain H, FA Dijkstra. 2023. The influence of plant residues on soil aggregation and carbon content: A meta-analysis. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science, in press, date of acceptance 21 Dec 2022.

171. *Ullah MR, Y Carrillo, FA Dijkstra. 2023. Relative contributions of fungi and bacteria to litter decomposition under low and high soil moisture in an Australian grassland. Applied Soil Ecology, 182: 104737.


170. *Bicharanloo B, M Bagheri Shirvan, FA Dijkstra. 2022. Decoupled cycling of carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus in a grassland soil along a hillslope mediated by clay and soil moisture. Catena, 219: 106648.

169. *Islam MR, B Singh, FA Dijkstra. 2022. Microbial carbon use efficiency of glucose varies with soil clay content: A meta-analysis. Applied Soil Ecology, 181: 104636.

168. Lu J, FA Dijkstra, H Wang, P Wang, W Cheng. 2022. Rhizosphere priming effect of four non-woody perennials after leaf senescence and before shoot regrowth. Geoderma, 426: 116091.

167.  Huo Y, FA Dijkstra, M Possell, B Singh. 2022. Ecotoxicological effects of plastics on plants, soil fauna and microorganisms: a meta-analysis. Environmental Pollution, 310: 119892.

166. $Qiao C, X Wang, M Bagheri Shirvan, C Keitel, TR Cavagnaro, FA Dijkstra. 2022. Drought and interspecific competition increase belowground carbon allocation for nitrogen acquisition in monocultures and mixtures of Trifolium repens and Lolium perenne. Plant and Soil, 481: 269-283.

165. *Islam MR, B Singh, FA Dijkstra 2022. Stabilisation of soil organic matter: interactions between clay and microbes. Biogeochemistry, 160: 145-158.

164. Huo Y, FA Dijkstra, M Possell, B Singh. Plastics in Soil Environments: All Things Considered. Advances in Agronomy, 175: 1-132.

163.  $Wang R, J Lu, Y Jiang, FA Dijkstra. 2022. Carbon efficiency for nutrient acquisition (CENA) by plants: role of nutrient availability and microbial symbionts. Plant and Soil, 476: 289-300.

162. *Bicharanloo B, M Bagheri Shirvan, TR Cavagnaro, C Keitel, FA Dijkstra. 2022. Nitrogen addition and defoliation alter belowground carbon allocation with consequences for plant nitrogen uptake and soil organic carbon decomposition. Science of the Total Environment, 846: 157430.

161. *Yu X, C Keitel, Y Zhang, AN Wangeci, FA Dijkstra. 2022. Global meta-analysis of nitrogen fertilizer use efficiency in rice, wheat and maize. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 338: 108089.

160. Ji D, F Ding, FA Dijkstra, Z Jia, S Li, J Wang. Crop residue decomposition and nutrient release are independently affected by residue type, nitrogen fertilization, and plastic film mulching. European Journal of Agronomy, 138: 126535.

159. $Lu J, J Yang, C Keitel, L Yin, P Wang, W Cheng, FA Dijkstra. 2022. Belowground carbon efficiency for nitrogen and phosphorus acquisition varies between Lolium perenne and Trifolium repens and depends on phosphorus fertilization. Frontiers in Plant Science, 13: 927435.

158. Carrillo Y, DT Tissue, S Bruna, C Maier, FA Dijkstra. 2022. Drought impacts on tree root traits are linked to their decomposability and net carbon release. Frontiers in Forests and Global Change, 5: 836062.

157. $Wang R, B Bicharanloo, E Hou, Y Jiang, FA Dijkstra. Phosphorus supply increases nitrogen transformation rates and retention in soil: a global meta-analysis. Earth’s Future, 10: e2021EF002479.

156. Wang R, J Yang, H Liu, J Sardans, Y Zhang, X Wang, C Wei, X Lü, FA Dijkstra, Y Jiang, X Han, J Peñuelas. 2022. Nitrogen enrichment buffers phosphorus limitation by mobilizing mineral-bound soil phosphorus in grasslands. Ecology, 103: e3616.

155. Ding F, D Ji, K Yan, FA Dijkstra, X Bao, S Li, Y Kuzyakov, J Wang. 2022. Increased soil organic matter after 28 years of nitrogen fertilization only with plastic film mulching is controlled by maize root biomass. Science of the Total Environment, 810: 152244.

154. Fan B, L Yin, FA Dijkstra, J Lu, S Shao, P Wang, Q Wang, W Cheng. 2021. Potential gross nitrogen mineralization and its linkage with microbial respiration along a forest transect in eastern China. Applied Soil Ecology, 171: 104347.

153. *Bicharanloo B, M Bagheri Shirvan, C Keitel, FA Dijkstra. 2022. Nitrogen and phosphorus availability have stronger effects on gross and net nitrogen mineralisation than wheat rhizodeposition. Geoderma, 405: 115440.

152. Hu J, C Huang, S Zhou, X Liu, FA Dijkstra. 2021. Nitrogen addition increases microbial necromass in croplands and bacterial necromass in forests: A global meta-analysis. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 165: 108500.

151. Kopittke PM, AA Berhe, Y Carrillo, TR Cavagnaro, D Chen, Q-L Chen, MR Dobarco, FA Dijkstra, DJ Field, MJ Grundy, J-Z He, FC Hoyle, I Kögel-Knabner, SK Lam, P Marschner, C Martinez, AB McBratney, E McDonald-Madden, NW Menzies, LM Mosley, CW Mueller, DV Murphy, UN Nielsen, AG O’Donnell, E Pendall, J Pett-Ridge, C Rumpel, IM Young, B Minasny. 2022. Ensuring planetary survival: The centrality of carbon in balancing the multifunctional nature of soils. Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology, 52: 4308-4324.


150. $Wang R, T Cresswell, MP Johansen, JJ Harrison, Y Jiang, C Keitel, TR Cavagnaro, FA Dijkstra. 2021. Re-allocation of nitrogen and phosphorus from roots drives regrowth of grasses and sedges after defoliation under deficit irrigation and nitrogen enrichment. Journal of Ecology, 109: 4071-4080.

149. *Bicharanloo B, T Cavagnaro, C Keitel, FA Dijkstra. 2021. Nitrogen fertilisation increases specific root respiration in ectomycorrhizal, but not in arbuscular mycorrhizal plants: a meta-analysis. Frontiers in Plant Science, 12: 711720.

148. Yin L, T Zhang, FA Dijkstra, C Huo, P Wang, W Cheng. 2021. Priming effect varies with root order: A case of Cunninghamia lanceolata. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 160: 108354.

147. Wang R, L Lü, Y Cao, J Sardans, H Liu, B Li, Y Zhang, J Peñuelas, FA Dijkstra, Y Jiang. 2021. Stability of elemental content correlates with plant resistance to soil impoverishment. Plant and Soil, 467: 213-226.

146. $Wang R, TR Cavagnaro, Y Yiang, C Keitel, FA Dijkstra. 2021. Carbon allocation to the rhizosphere is affected by drought and nitrogen addition. Journal of Ecology, 109: 3699-3709.

145. *Yu X, C Keitel, FA Dijkstra. 2021. Global analysis of phosphorus fertilizer use efficiency in cereal crops. Global Food Security, 29: 100545.

144. Mannan MA, S Mia, E Halder, FA Dijkstra. 2021. Biochar application rate does not improve plant water availability in soybean under drought stress. Agricultural Water Management, 253: 106940.

143. Yin L, FA Dijkstra, RP Phillips, B Zhu, P Wang, W Cheng. 2021. Arbuscular mycorrhizal trees cause a higher carbon to nitrogen ratio of soil organic matter decomposition via rhizosphere priming than ectomycorrhizal trees. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 157: 108246.

142. *Ullah MR, Y Carrillo, FA Dijkstra. 2021. Drought-induced and seasonal variation in carbon use efficiency is associated with fungi:bacteria ratio and enzyme production in a grassland ecosystem. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 155: 108159.

141. *Ullah MR, Y Carrillo, FA Dijkstra. 2021. Biocides provide a source of carbon and nitrogen directly to surviving microbes and indirectly through a pulse in microbial necromass. Applied Soil Ecology, 160: 103862.

140. $Li J, J Pei, FA Dijkstra, M Nie, E Pendall, 2021. Microbial carbon use efficiency, biomass residence time and temperature sensitivity across ecosystems and soil depths. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 154: 108117.

139. $Pei J, J Li, S Mia, B Singh, FA Dijkstra. 2021. Biochar aging increased microbial carbon use efficiency but decreased biomass turnover time. Geoderma, 382: 114710

138. $Wang R, B Bicharanloo, M Bagheri Shirvan, TR Cavagnaro, Y Jiang, C Keitel, FA Dijkstra. 2021. A novel 13C pulse-labelling method to quantify the contribution of rhizodeposits to soil respiration in a grassland exposed to drought and nitrogen addition. New Phytologist, 230: 857-866.

137. Dijkstra FA, B Zhu, W Cheng. 2021. Root effects on soil organic carbon: a double-edged sword. New Phytologist, 230: 60-65.


136. Wang R, H Wu, J Sardans, T Li, H Liu, J Peñuelas, FA Dijkstra, Y Jiang. 2020. Carbon storage and plant-soil linkages among soil aggregates as affected by nitrogen enrichment and mowing management in a meadow grassland. Plant and Soil, 457: 407-420.

135. Yin L, W Xiao, FA Dijkstra, B Zhu, P Wang, W Cheng. 2020. Linking absorptive roots and their functional traits with rhizosphere priming of tree species. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 150: 107997.

134. $Lu J, J Yang, C Keitel, L Yin, P Wang, W Cheng, FA Dijkstra. 2020. Rhizosphere priming effects of Lolium perenne and Trifolium repens depend on phosphorus fertilization and biological nitrogen fixation. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 150: 108005.

133. Wang X, L Yin, FA Dijkstra, J Lu, P Wang, W Cheng. 2020. Rhizosphere priming is tightly associated with root-driven aggregate turnover. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 149: 107964.

132. Huang X, C Terrer, FA Dijkstra, BA Hungate, W Zhang, KJ van Groenigen. New soil carbon sequestration with nitrogen enrichment: a meta-analysis. Plant and Soil, 454: 299-310.

131. *Yu, X, FA Dijkstra. 2020. Carbon and nitrogen dynamics affected by litter and nitrogen addition in a grassland soil: role of fungi. European Journal of Soil Biology, 100: 103211.

130. Li J, E Pendall, FA Dijkstra, M Nie. 2020. Root effects on the temperature sensitivity of soil respiration depend on climatic condition and ecosystem type. Soil and Tillage Research, 199: 104574.

129. *Bicharanloo B, M Bagheri Shirvan, C Keitel, FA Dijkstra. 2020. Rhizodeposition mediates the effect of nitrogen and phosphorus availability on microbial carbon use efficiency and turnover rate. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 142: 107705.

128. Pei J, FA Dijkstra, J Li, C Fang, J Su, M Nie, J Wu. 2020. Biochar-induced reductions of the rhizosphere priming effect are weaker under elevated CO2. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 142: 107700.

127. §Mariotte P, T Cresswell, MP Johansen, JJ Harrison, C Keitel, FA Dijkstra. 2020. Plant uptake of nitrogen and phosphorus among grassland species affected by drought along a soil available phosphorus gradient. Plant and Soil, 448(1-2): 121-132.

126. Wang, X, FA Dijkstra, L Yin, D Sun, W Cheng. 2020. Rhizosphere priming effects in soil aggregates with different size classes. Ecosphere, 11: e03027.

125. *Bicharanloo B, M Bagheri Shirvan, C Keitel, FA Dijkstra. 2020. Nitrogen and phosphorus availability affect wheat carbon allocation pathways: rhizodeposition and mycorrhizal symbiosis. Soil Research, 58: 125-136.

124. Wang X-G, X-T Lü, H-Y Zhang, FA Dijkstra, Y-G Jiang, X-B Wang, J-Y Lu, Wuyunna, Z-W Wang, X-G Han. 2020. Changes in soil C:N:P stoichiometry along an aridity gradient in drylands of northern China. Geoderma, 361: 114087.

123. *Ullah MR, PE Corneo, FA Dijkstra. 2020. Inter-seasonal nitrogen loss with drought depends on fertilizer management in a semi-natural Australian grassland. Ecosystems, 23: 1281-1293.

122. Wang, R, Y Cao, H Wang, FA Dijkstra, J Jiang, R Zhao, W Ma, T Li, M Dorodnikov, Z Wang, J Sardans, J Peñuelas. 2020. Exogenous P compounds differentially interacted with N availability to regulate enzymatic activities in a meadow steppe. European Journal of Soil Science, 71: 667-680.

121. Ahmad W, FA Dijkstra, RC Dalal, B Singh. 2020. Plant roots are more important than temperature in modulating carbon release in a limed acidic soil. European Journal of Soil Science, 71: 727-739.


120. Liu H, R Wang, H Wang, Y Cao, FA Dijkstra, Z Shi, J Cai, Z Wang, H Zou, Y Jiang. 2019. Exogenous phosphorus compounds interact with nitrogen availability to regulate dynamics of soil inorganic phosphorus fractions in a meadow steppe. Biogeosciences, 16: 4293-4306.

119. Feng X, R Wang, Q Yu, Y Cao, Y Zhang, L Yang, FA Dijkstra, Y Jiang. 2019. Decoupling of plant and soil metal nutrients as affected by nitrogen addition in a meadow steppe. Plant and Soil, 443(1-2): 337-351.

118. Wang X-G, X-T Lü, FA Dijkstra, H-Y Zhang, X-B Wang, Wuyunna, Z-W Wang, J Feng, X-G Han. 2019. Changes of plant N:P stoichiometry across a 3000-km aridity transect in drylands of northern China. Plant and Soil, 443(1-2): 107-119.

117. *Mia S, B Singh, FA Dijkstra. 2019. Chemically oxidized biochar increases ammonium-15N recovery and phosphorus uptake in a grassland. Biology and Fertility of Soils, 55: 577-588.

116. *Mehnaz KR, PE Corneo, C Keitel, FA Dijkstra. 2019. Carbon and phosphorus addition effects on microbial carbon use efficiency, soil organic matter priming, gross nitrogen mineralization and nitrous oxide emission from soil. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 134: 175-186.

115. *Mehnaz KR, C Keitel, FA Dijkstra. 2019. Phosphorus availability and plants alter soil nitrogen retention and loss. Science of the Total Environment 671: 786-794.

114. *Ullah MR, FA Dijkstra. 2019. Fungicide and bactericide effects on carbon and nitrogen cycling in soils: a meta-analysis. Soil Systems, 3: 23.

113. $Yin L, PE Corneo, A Richter, P Wang, W Cheng, FA Dijkstra. 2019. Variation in rhizosphere priming and microbial growth and carbon use efficiency caused by wheat genotypes and temperatures. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 134: 54-61.

112. Lu J, FA Dijkstra, P Wang, W Cheng. 2019.  Roots of non-woody perennials accelerated long-term soil organic matter decomposition through biological and physical mechanisms. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 134: 42-53.

111. *Bakhshandeh S, PE Corneo, L Yin, FA Dijkstra. 2019. Drought and heat stress reduce yield and alter carbon rhizodeposition of different wheat genotypes. Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science, 205: 157-167.

110. Hou J, FA Dijkstra, X Zhang, C Wang, X Lü, P Wang, X Hang, W Cheng. 2019. Aridity thresholds of soil microbial metabolic indices along a 3200 km transect across arid and semi-arid regions in Northern China. PeerJ, 7: e6712.

109. Ding F, S Li, X-T Lü, FA Dijkstra, S Schaeffer, T Ana, J Peia, L Suna, J Wanga. Opposite effects of nitrogen fertilization and plastic film mulching on crop N and P stoichiometry in a temperate agroecosystem. Journal of Plant Ecology, 12: 682-692.

108. Chao L, Y Liu, G Freschet, W Zhang, X Yu, W Zheng, X Guan, Q Yang, L Chen, FA Dijkstra, S Wang. 2019. Litter carbon and nutrient chemistry control the magnitude of soil priming effect. Functional Ecology, 33: 876-888.

107. Zhao F, Y Zhang, FA Dijkstra, Z Li, Y Zhang, T Zhang, Y Lu, J Shi, L Yang. 2019. Effects of amendments on phosphorous fractions status in soils with different phosphorous levels. Catena, 172: 97-103.

106. Wang R, FA Dijkstra, H Liu, J Yin, X Wang, X Feng, Z Xu, Y Jiang. 2019. Response of soil carbon to nitrogen and water addition differs between labile and recalcitrant fractions: Evidence from multi–year data and different soil depths in a semi-arid steppe. Catena, 172: 857-865.


105.  Carrillo Y, FA Dijkstra, D LeCain, D Blumenthal, E Pendall. 2018. Elevated CO2 and warming cause interactive effects on soil carbon and shifts in carbon use by bacteria. Ecology Letters, 21: 1639-1648.

104.  Luo W, X Zuo, W Ma, C Xu, A Li, Q Yu, AK Knapp, R Tognetti, FA Dijkstra, M-H Li, G Han, Z Wang, X Han. 2018. Differential responses of canopy nutrients to experimental drought along a natural aridity gradient. Ecology, 99: 2230-2239.

103.  Lu J, FA Dijkstra, P Wang, W Cheng. 2018. Rhizosphere priming of grassland species under different water and nitrogen conditions: a mechanistic hypothesis of C-N interactions. Plant and Soil, 429:303-319.

102.  §Corneo PE, MA Kertesz, S Bakhshandeh, H Tahaei, M Barbour, FA Dijkstra. 2018. Studying root water uptake of wheat genotypes in different soils using water δ18O stable isotopes. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 264:119-129.

101. Crowther TW, MB Machmuller, JC Carey, SD Allison, JM Blair, SD Bridgham, AJ Burton, FA Dijkstra, B Elberling, M Estiarte, KS Larsen, H Laudon, M Lupascu, S Marhan, J Mohan, S Niu,  J Peñuelas,  IK Schmidt, PH Templer, G Kröel-Dulay, S Frey, MA Bradford. 2018. Author Correction: Crowther et al. reply. Nature, 554, E7-E8.

100. Wang R, Y Zhang, P He, J Yin, J Yang, H Liu, J Cai, Z Shi, X Feng, FA Dijkstra, X Han, Y Jiang. 2018. Intensity and frequency of nitrogen addition alter soil chemical properties depending on mowing management in a temperate steppe. Journal of Environmental Management 224:77-86.

99. Luo W, C Xu, W Ma, X Yue, X Liang, X Zuo, AK Knapp, MD Smith, J Sardans, FA Dijkstra, J Peñuelas, Y Bai, Z Wang, Q Yu, X Han. 2018. Effects of extreme drought on plant nutrient uptake and resorption in rhizomatous vs bunch grass dominated grasslands. Oecologia, 188: 633-653.

98. Luo W, X Wang, J Sardans, Z Wang, FA Dijkstra, X-T Lü, J Peñuelas, X Han. 2018. Higher capability of C3 than C4 plants to use nitrogen inferred from nitrogen isotopes along an aridity gradient. Plant and Soil, 428:93-103.

97. Wang R, X Wang, Y Jiang, A Cerda, J Yin, H Liu, X Feng, Z Shi, FA Dijkstra, M-H Li. 2018. Soil properties determine the elevational patterns of base cations and micronutrients in the plant-soil system up to the upper limits of trees and shrubs. Biogeosciences, 15: 1763-1774.

96. *Mehnaz KR, C Keitel, FA Dijkstra. 2018. Effects of carbon and phosphorus addition on microbial respiration, N2O emission and gross nitrogen mineralization in a phosphorus-poor grassland soil. Biology and Fertility of Soils, 54:481-493.

95. Dijkstra FA, Y Carrillo, DM Blumenthal, KE Mueller, DR LeCain, JA Morgan, TJ Zelikova, DG Williams, RF Follett, E Pendall. 2018. Elevated CO2 and water addition enhance nitrogen turnover in grassland plants with implications for temporal stability. Ecology Letters, 21:674-682.

94. Yin L, FA Dijkstra, P Wang, B Zhu, W Cheng. 2018. Rhizosphere priming effects on soil carbon and nitrogen dynamics among tree species with and without intraspecific competition. New Phytologist, 218:1036-1048.

93. Blumenthal D, KE Mueller, JA Kray, DR LeCain, E Pendall, S Duke, J Zelikova, FA Dijkstra, DG Williams, JA Morgan. 2018. Warming and elevated CO2 interact to shift timing and reduce variability of soil water in a semi-arid grassland. Ecosystems, in press, date of acceptance: 11 January 2018.

92. *Mia S, FA Dijkstra, B Singh. 2018. Enhanced biological nitrogen fixation and competitive advantage of legumes in mixed pastures diminish with biochar aging. Plant and Soil, 424:639-651.

91. *Canarini A, P Mariotte, L Ingram, A Merchant, FA Dijkstra. 2018. Mineral-associated soil carbon is resistant to drought but sensitive to legumes and microbial biomass in an Australian grassland. Ecosystems, 21: 349-359.


90. Su T, FA Dijkstra, P Wang, W Cheng. 2017. Rhizosphere priming effects of soybean and cottonwood: do they vary with latitude? Plant and Soil, 420: 349-360.

89. *Mia S, FA Dijkstra, B Singh. 2017. Aging induced changes in biochar’s functionality and adsorption behavior for phosphate and ammonium. Environmental Science and Technology, 51: 8359-8367.

88. *Bakhshandeh S, PE Corneo, P Mariotte, MA Kertesz, FA Dijkstra. 2017. Effect of crop rotation on mycorrhizal colonization and wheat yield under different fertilizer treatments. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 247: 130-136.

87. Hu Y, Z Zhang, Q Wang, S Wang, Z Zhang, Z Wang, G Xu, M Du, FA Dijkstra. 2017. Variations of N2O fluxes in response to warming and cooling in an alpine meadow on the Tibetan Plateau. Climatic Change, 143: 129-142.

86. §Corneo PE, C Keitel, MA Kertesz, FA Dijkstra. 2017. Variation in specific root length among 23 wheat genotypes affects leaf δ13C and yield. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 246:21-29.

85. van Groenigen KJ, CW Osenberg, C Terrer, Y Carrillo, FA Dijkstra, J Heath, M Nie, E Pendall, RP Phillips, BA Hungate. 2017. Faster turnover of new soil carbon inputs under increased atmospheric CO2. Global Change Biology, 23: 4420-4429.


84. *Canarini A, L Pødenphant Kiær, FA Dijkstra. 2017. Soil carbon loss regulated by drought intensity and available substrate: a meta-analysis. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 112:90-99.

83. Wang R, L Lü, CA Creamer, FA Dijkstra, H Liu, X Feng, G Yu, X Han, Y Jiang. 2017. Alteration of soil carbon and nitrogen pools and enzyme activities as affected by increased soil coarseness. Biogeosciences, 14:2155-2166.

82. De Kauwe, MG, BE Medlyn, AP Walker, S Zaehle, S Asao, B Guenet, A Harper, T Hickler, A Jain, Y Luo, C Lu, K Luus, WJ Parton, S Shu, Y-P Wang, C Werner, J Xia, E Pendall, JA Morgan, EM Ryan, Y Carrillo, FA Dijkstra, TJ Zelikova, RJ Norby. 2017. Challenging terrestrial biosphere models with data from the long-term multi-factor Prairie Heating And Carbon dioxide Enrichment experiment. Global Change Biology, 23: 3623-3645.

81. §Mariotte, P, A Canarini, FA Dijkstra. 2017. Stoichiometric N:P flexibility and mycorrhizal symbiosis favor plant resistance against drought. Journal of Ecology, 105:958-967.

Editor's choice:

80. *Mia, S, B Singh, FA Dijkstra. 2017. Aged biochar affects gross nitrogen mineralization and recovery: a 15N study in two contrasting soils. Global Change Biology Bioenergy, 9:1196-1206.

79. Wang, R, M Dorodnikov, FA Dijkstra, S Yang, Z Xu, H Li, Y Jiang. 2017. Sensitivities to nitrogen and water addition vary among microbial groups within soil aggregates in a semi-arid grassland. Biology and Fertility of Soils, 53: 129-140.

78. Dijkstra FA, M Jenkins, V de Rémy de Courcelles, C Keitel, MM Barbour, ZE Kayler, MA Adams. 2017. Enhanced decomposition and nitrogen mineralization sustain rapid growth of Eucalyptus regnans after wildfire. Journal of Ecology, 105: 229-236.

77. *Mia S, FA Dijkstra, B Singh. 2017. Long-term aging of biochar: a molecular understanding with agricultural and environmental implications. Advances in Agronomy, 141: 1-51.


76. Ogle, K, E Ryan, FA Dijkstra, E Pendall. 2016. Quantifying and reducing uncertainties in estimated soil CO2 fluxes with hierarchical data-model integration. Journal of Geophysical Research – Biogeosciences, 121: 2935-2948.

75. Crowther TW, KEO Todd-Brown, CW Rowe, WR Wieder, JC Carey, MB Machmuller, LB Snoek, S Fang, G Zhou, SD Allison, JM Blair, SD Bridgham, AJ Burton, Y Carrillo, PB Reich, JS Clark, AT Classen, FA Dijkstra, B Elberling, BA Emmett, M Estiarte, SD Frey, J Guo, J Harte, L Jiang, BR Johnson, G Kröel-Dulay, KS Larsen, H Laudon, JM Lavallee, Y Luo, M Lupascu, LN Ma, S Marhan, A Michelsen, J Mohan, S Niu, E Pendall, J Peñuelas, L Pfeifer-Meister, C Poll, S Reinsch, LL Reynolds, IK Schmidt, S Sistla, NW Sokol, PH Templer, KK Treseder, JM Welker, MA Bradford. 2016. Quantifying global soil carbon losses in response to warming. Nature, 540: 104-108.


74. Wu H, Q Li, C Lu, L Zhang, J Zhu, FA Dijkstra, Q Yu. 2016. Elevated ozone effects on soil nitrogen cycling differ among wheat cultivars. Applied Soil Ecology, 108:187-194


73. *Canarini A, Y Carrillo, P Mariotte, L Ingram, FA Dijkstra. 2016. Soil microbial community resistance to drought and links to C stabilization in an Australian grassland. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 103:171-180.


72. *Mehnaz KR, FA Dijkstra. 2016. Denitrification and associated N2O emissions are limited by phosphorus availability in a grassland soil. Geoderma, 284:34-41.


71. *Canarini A, A Merchant, FA Dijkstra. 2016. Drought effects on Helianthus annuus and Glycine max metabolites: from phloem to root exudates. Rhizosphere, 2:85-97.


70. Keith A, B Singh, FA Dijkstra, F van Ogtrop. 2016. Biochar field study: Greenhouse gas emissions, productivity and nutrients in two soils. Agronomy Journal, 108:1805-1815.


69. Mueller KE, DM Blumenthal, E Pendall, Y Carrillo, FA Dijkstra, DG Williams, RF Follett, JA Morgan. 2016. Impacts of warming and elevated CO2 on a semi-arid grassland are non-additive, shift with precipitation, and reverse over time. Ecology Letters, 19:956-966.


68. Dijkstra FA, Y Carrillo, MJ Aspinwall, C Maier, A Canarini, H Tahaei, B Choat, DT Tissue. 2016. Water, nitrogen and phosphorus use efficiencies of four tree species in response to variable water and nutrient supply. Plant and Soil, 406:187-199.


67. *Bakhshandeh S, MA Kertesz, PE Corneo, FA Dijkstra. 2016. Dual-labeling with 15N and H218O to investigate water and N uptake of wheat under different water regimes. Plant and Soil, 408:429-441.


66. Luo W, J Sardans, FA Dijkstra, J Peñuelas, X.-T Lü, H Wu, M.-H Li, E Bai, Z Wang, X Han, Y Jiang. 2016. Thresholds in decoupled soil-plant elements under changing climatic conditions. Plant and Soil, 409:159-173.


65. Hu Y, Q Wang, S Wang, Z Zhang, FA Dijkstra, Z Zhang, G Xu, J Duan, M Du, H Niu. 2016. Asymmetric responses of methane uptake to climate warming and cooling of a Tibetan alpine meadow assessed through a reciprocal translocation along an elevation gradient. Plant and Soil, 402:263-275.


64.  §Corneo PE, H Suenaga, MA Kertesz, FA Dijkstra. 2016. Effect of twenty four wheat genotypes on soil biochemical and microbial properties. Plant and Soil, 404:141-155. 


63. Ahmad W, FA Dijkstra, RC Dalal, B Singh. 2016. Soil warming and liming impacts on the recovery of 15N in an acidic soil under soybean cropping. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science, 179:193-197.


62. Luo W, FA Dijkstra, E Bai, J Feng, X-T Lü, C Wang, H Wu, M-H Li, X Han, Y Jiang. 2016. A threshold reveals decoupled relationship of sulfur with carbon and nitrogen in soils across arid and semi-arid grasslands in northern China. Biogeochemistry, 127:141-153.


61. He M, FA Dijkstra, K Zhang, H Tan, Y Zhao, X Li. 2016. Influence of life form, taxonomy, climate, and soil properties on shoot and root concentrations of 11 elements in herbaceous plants in a temperate desert. Plant and Soil, 398:339-350.


60. Carrillo Y, FA Dijkstra, D LeCain, E Pendall. 2016. Mediation of soil C decomposition by arbuscular mycorrizhae fungi in grass rhizospheres under elevated CO2. Biogeochemistry, 127:45-55.


59. Mete FZ, S Mia, FA Dijkstra, Md Abuyusuf, ASMI Hossain. 2015. Synergistic effects of biochar and NPK fertilizer on soybean yield in an alkaline soil. Pedosphere, 25:713-719.

58. Keith A, B Singh, FA Dijkstra. 2015. Biochar reduces the rhizosphere priming effect on soil organic carbon. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 88:372-379.

57. Chen J, Y Carrillo, E Pendall, FA Dijkstra, RD Evans, JA Morgan, DG Williams. 2015. Soil microbes compete strongly with plants for soil inorganic and amino acid nitrogen in a semiarid grassland exposed to elevated CO2 and warming. Ecosystems, 18:867-880.

56. Dijkstra FA & MA Adams. 2015. Fire eases imbalances of nitrogen and phosphorus in woody plants.  Ecosystems, 18:769-779.

55. Dijkstra FA, M He, MP Johansen, JJ Harrison, & C Keitel. 2015. Plant and microbial uptake of nitrogen and phosphorus affected by drought using 15N and 32P tracers. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 82:135-142.

54. $He M & FA Dijkstra. 2015. Phosphorus addition enhances loss of nitrogen in a phosphorus-poor soil. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 82:99-106.

53. *Canarini A & FA Dijkstra. 2015. Dry-rewetting cycles regulate wheat carbon rhizodeposition, stabilization and nitrogen cycling. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 81:195-203.

52. Ahmad W, B Singh, RC Dalal, & FA Dijkstra. 2015. Carbon dynamics from carbonate dissolution in Australian agricultural soils. Soil Research, 53:144-153.


51.  He M, FA Dijkstra, K Zhang, X Li, H Tan, Y Gao, & G Li. 2014. Leaf nitrogen and phosphorus of temperate desert plants in response to climate and soil nutrient availability. Scientific Reports, 4:6932.

50. Singh B, LM Macdonald, RS Kookana, L van Zwieten, G Butler, S Joseph, T Weatherly, BB Kaudal, A Reagan, J Cattle, F Dijkstra, M Boersma, S Kimber, A Keith. 2014. Opportunities and constraints for biochar technology in Australian agriculture: looking beyond carbon sequestration. Soil Research, 52:739-750.

49. $He M & FA Dijkstra. 2014. Drought effect on plant nitrogen and phosphorus: a meta-analysis. New Phytologist, 204:924-931.

48. Zhang Q-Z, FA Dijkstra, X-R Liu, Y-D Wang, J Huang, & N Lu. 2014. Effects of biochar on soil microbial biomass after four years of consecutive application in the North China Plain. PLoS ONE, 9:e102062.

47. Lü X-T, FA Dijkstra, D-L Kong, Z-W Wang, & X-G Han. 2014. Plant nitrogen uptake drives responses of productivity to nitrogen and water addition in a grassland. Scientific Reports, 4:4817.

46. Carrillo Y, E Pendall, FA Dijkstra, D LeCain, JA Morgan, D Blumenthal, & S Waldron. 2014. Disentangling root responses to climate change in a semiarid grassland. Oecologia, 175:699-711.

45. Carrillo Y, FA Dijkstra, E Pendall, D LeCain, and C Tucker. 2014. Plant rhizosphere influence on microbial C metabolism: the role of elevated CO2, N availability and root stoichiometry. Biogeochemistry, 117:229-240.

44. Ahmad W, B Singh, FA Dijkstra, RC Dalal, & P Geelan-Small. 2014. Temperature sensitivity and carbon release in an acidic soil amended with lime and mulch. Geoderma, 214-215:168-176.


43.  Pendall E, JL Heisler-White, DG Williams, FA Dijkstra, Y Carrillo, JA Morgan, & DR LeCain. 2013. Warming reduces carbon losses from grassland exposed to elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide. PLoS ONE 8:e71921.

42. Phillips R, DWT Griffith, F Dijkstra, G Lugg, R Lawrie, & B Macdonald. 2013. Tracking short-term effects of nitrogen-15 addition on nitrous oxide fluxes using Fourier-Transform Infrared Spectroscopy. Journal of Environmental Quality, 42:1327-1340.

41. Dijkstra FA, Y Carrillo, E Pendall, & JA Morgan. 2013. Rhizosphere priming: a nutrient perspective. Frontiers in Terrestrial Microbiology, 4:216.

40. Dijkstra FA, JA Morgan, RF Follett, & DR LeCain. 2013. Climate change reduces the net sink of CH4 and N2O in a semiarid grassland. Global Change Biology, 19:1816-1826.

39. Ahmad W, B Singh, FA Dijkstra, & RC Dalal. 2013. Inorganic and organic carbon dynamics in a limed acid soil are mediated by plants. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 57:549-555.


38.  Dijkstra FA, SA Prior, GB Runion, HA Torbert, H Tian, C Lu, & RT Venterea. 2012. Effects of elevated CO2 and warming on methane and nitrous oxide fluxes: evidence from field experiments. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 10:520-527.

37. Dijkstra FA, E Pendall, JA Morgan, DM Blumenthal, Y Carrillo, DR LeCain, RF Follett, & DG Williams. 2012. Climate change alters stoichiometry of phosphorus and nitrogen in a semiarid grassland. New Phytologist, 196:807-815.

36. Dijkstra FA, DJ Augustine, P Brewer, & JC von Fischer. 2012. Nitrogen cycling and water pulses in semiarid grasslands: are microbial and plant processes temporally asynchronous? Oecologia, 170:799-808.

35. LeCain DR, JA Morgan, GL Hutchinson, JD Reeder, & FA Dijkstra. 2012. Interactions between elevated atmospheric CO2 and defoliation on North American rangeland plant species at low and high N availability. Grass and Forage Science, 67:350-360.

34. Dieleman WIJ, S Vicca, FA Dijkstra, F Hagedorn, MJ Hovenden, KS Larsen, JA Morgan, A Volder, C Beier, JS Dukes, J King, S Leuzinger, S Linder, Y Luo, R Oren, P DeAngelis, D Tingey, MR Hoosbeek, & IA Janssens. 2012. Simple additive effects are rare: A quantitative review of plant biomass and soil process responses to combined manipulations of CO2 and temperature. Global Change Biology, 18:2681-2693.

33. Carrillo Y, FA Dijkstra, E Pendall, JA Morgan, & DM Blumenthal. 2012. Control over soil nitrogen pools in a semiarid grassland under elevated CO2 and warming. Ecosystems, 15:761-774.

32. Dijkstra FA, & JA Morgan. 2012. Elevated CO2 and warming effects on soil carbon sequestration and greenhouse gas exchange in agroecosystems: A review. Pages 467-486 In: M Liebig, A Franzluebbers, & R Follett (eds.), Managing Agricultural Greenhouse Gases, Academic Press.


31.  Dijkstra FA, GL Hutchinson, JD Reeder, DR LeCain, & JA Morgan. 2011. Elevated CO2, but not defoliation, enhances N cycling and increases short-term soil N immobilization regardless of N addition in a semiarid grassland. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 43:2247-2256.

30. Carrillo Y, E Pendall, FA Dijkstra, JA Morgan, & JM Newcomb. 2011. Response of soil organic matter pools to elevated CO2 and warming in a semi-arid grassland. Plant and Soil, 347:339-350.

29. Morgan JA, DR LeCain, E Pendall, DM Blumenthal, BA Kimball, Y Carrillo, DG Williams, J Heisler-White, FA Dijkstra, & M West. 2011. Carbon dioxide eliminates dessication in warmed semi-arid grassland and C4 grasses prosper. Nature, 476:202-205.

28. Augustine DJ, FA Dijkstra, EW Hamilton III, & JA Morgan. 2011. Rhizosphere interactions, carbon allocation, and nitrogen acquisition of two perennial North American grasses in response to defoliation and elevated atmospheric CO2. Oecologia, 165:755-770.

27. Dijkstra FA, JA Morgan, JC von Fischer, & RF Follett. 2011. Elevated CO2 and warming effects on methane uptake in a semiarid grassland below optimum soil moisture. Journal of Geophysical Research – Biogeosciences, 116, G01007.


26.  Dijkstra FA, D Blumenthal, JA Morgan, DR LeCain, & RF Follett. 2010. Elevated CO2 effects on semiarid grassland plants in relation to water availability and competition. Functional Ecology, 24:1152-1161.

25. Dijkstra FA, D Blumenthal, JA Morgan, E Pendall, Y Carrillo, & RF Follett. 2010. Contrasting effects of elevated CO2 and warming on nitrogen cycling in a semiarid grassland. New Phytologist, 187:426-437.

24. Dijkstra FA, JA Morgan, D Blumenthal, & RF Follett. 2010. Water limitation and plant inter-specific competition reduce rhizosphere-induced C decomposition and plant N uptake. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 42:1073-1082.

23. Dijkstra FA, JA Morgan, DR LeCain, & RF Follett. 2010. Microbially mediated CH4 consumption and N2O emission is affected by elevated CO2, soil water content, and composition of semi-arid grassland species. Plant and Soil, 329:269-281.

22. Morgan JA, RF Follett, LH Allen Jr., S Del Grosso, JD Derner, FA Dijkstra, A Franzluebbers, R Fry, K Paustian, & MM Schoeneberger. 2010. Carbon sequestration in agricultural lands of the United States. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 65:6A-13A.

2009 and older

21.  Dijkstra FA. 2009. Modeling the flow of 15N after a 15N pulse to study long-term N dynamics in a semiarid grassland. Ecology, 90:2171-2182.

20. Dijkstra FA, NE Bader, DW Johnson, & W Cheng. 2009. Does accelerated soil organic matter decomposition in the presence of plants increase net N mineralization? Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 41:1080-1087.

19. Dijkstra FA, JB West, SE Hobbie, & PR Reich. 2009. Antagonistic effects of

species on decomposition and net mineralization in soils from mixed coniferous plantations. Forest Ecology and Management, 22:975-982.

18. Dijkstra FA, E Pendall, AR Mosier, JY King, DG Milchunas, & JA Morgan. 2008. Long-term enhancement of N availability and plant growth under elevated CO2 in a semiarid grassland. Functional Ecology 22:975-982.

17. Dijkstra FA & W Cheng. 2008. Increased soil moisture content increases plant N uptake and the abundance of 15N in plant biomass. Plant and Soil 302:263-271.

16. Dijkstra FA, & W Cheng. 2007. Interactions between soil and tree roots accelerate long-term soil carbon decomposition. Ecology Letters 10:1046-1053.

15. Dijkstra FA, & W Cheng. 2007. Moisture modulates rhizosphere effects on C decomposition in two different soil types. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 39:2264-2274.

14. Johnson DW, FA Dijkstra, & W Cheng. 2007. The effects of Glycine max and Helianthus annuus on nutrient availability in two soils. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 39:2160-2163.

13. Dijkstra FA, JB West, SE Hobbie, PB Reich, & J Trost. 2007. Dissolved inorganic and organic N leaching from a grassland field experiment: interactive effects of plant species richness, atmospheric [CO2], and N fertilization. Ecology 88:490-500.

12. Cheng W & FA Dijkstra. 2007. Theoretical and empirical validation of a continuous labeling method using naturally 13C-depleted carbon dioxide. Journal of Integrative Plant Biology 49:401-407.

11. Dijkstra FA, W Cheng, & DW Johnson. 2006. Plant biomass influences rhizosphere effects on soil organic matter decomposition in two differently managed soils. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 38:2519-2526.

10. Dijkstra FA, K Wrage, SE Hobbie, & PB Reich. 2006. Tree patches show greater N losses but maintain higher soil N availability than grassland patches in a frequently burned oak savanna. Ecosystems 9:441-452.

9. Dijkstra FA, SE Hobbie, & PB Reich. 2006. Soil processes affected by 16 grassland species grown under different environmental conditions. Soil Science Society of America Journal 70:770-777.

8. Dijkstra FA, SE Hobbie, PB Reich, & JMH Knops. 2005. Divergent effects of elevated CO2, N fertilization, and plant diversity on soil C and N dynamics in a grassland field experiment. Plant and Soil 272:41-52.

7. Dijkstra FA, SE Hobbie, JMH Knops, & PB Reich. 2004. Nitrogen and plant species interact to influence soil carbon stabilization. Ecology Letters 7:1192-1198.

6. Dijkstra FA & RD Fitzhugh. 2003. Aluminum solubility and mobility in relation to organic carbon in surface soils affected by different tree species. Geoderma 114:33-47.

5. Dijkstra FA, N van Breemen, AG Jongmans, GR Davies, & GE Likens. 2003. Calcium weathering in forested soils and the effect of different tree species. Biogeochemistry 62:253-275.

4. Dijkstra FA. 2003. Calcium mineralization in the forest floor and surface soil beneath different tree species of the northeastern US. Forest Ecology and Management 175:185-194.

3. Aber J, ES Bernhardt, FA Dijkstra, RH Gardner, KH Macneale, WJ Parton, STA Pickett, DL Urban, & KC Weathers. 2003. Standards of practice for review and publication of models - summary of discussion. In: CD Canham, JJ Cole, WK Lauenroth (eds.), The role of models in ecosystem science. Princeton University Press, p. 204-210.

2. Dijkstra FA & MM Smits. 2002. Tree species effects on calcium cycling: the role of calcium uptake in deep soils. Ecosystems 5:385-398.

1. Dijkstra FA, C Geibe, S Holmström, US Lundström, & N van Breemen. 2001. The effect of organic acids on base cation leaching from the forest floor under six North American tree species. European Journal of Soil Science 52:205-214.